Booster for child health in SA

first_imgSouth Africa’s pneumococcus vaccineprogramme is about to get underway andwill save thousands of lives.(Image: stock.xchng) The vaccine is targeted at children fiveyears old and under – the most vulnerable.(Image: World Health Organisation)Janine ErasmusSouth Africa will become the first African country to freely distribute a pneumococcal vaccine amongst its children – the main victims of deadly pneumococcal diseases such as meningitis and pneumonia.The life-saving announcement was made at the 2009 Regional Pneumococcal Symposium held in Johannesburg in early March. Deputy Minister of Health Molefi Sefularo said the new vaccine would be available from April 2009 as part of the government’s primary immunisation programme.Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. There are more than 90 subtypes in the species. When these organisms invade the lungs, they cause bacterial pneumonia; when they invade the bloodstream, they cause bacteraemia; and when they invade the membranes covering the brain, they cause meningitis.Other conditions caused by S. pneumoniae include acute sinusitis, otitis media, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, peritonitis, and pericarditis.The symposium was a joint effort of the Sabin Vaccine Institute, GAVI’s PneumoADIP at the Johns Hopkins University, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Kenya Paediatric Association, South African Paediatric Association and the University of the Witwatersrand.The goal of the symposium was to review progress towards safe, effective pneumococcal vaccines and address the question of how to make sure they get to the world’s poorest children. Delegates were also brought up to date regarding the extent and burden of pneumococcal disease in Africa.Costly but effectiveWhile South Africa already spends R104-million (US$10-million) annually on vaccinating children, said Dr Shabir Madhi of the Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit at the Medical Research Council, the new vaccine was expected to cost an extra R728-million ($70 million).The vaccine Prevnar, known as pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), is designed to be effective against the seven types of the deadly pathogen that cause 70% of all invasive pneumococcal disease in South African children; it is therefore a seven-valent vaccine.Manufactured by Wyeth, Prevnar has been available in South Africa since 2005, but one of the biggest controversies surrounding the drug has been its exorbitant cost. At nearly R2 717 ($260) for four doses, it is far beyond the budget of people in developing countries.According to Professor Till Barnighausen of the Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies at KwaZulu-Natal University, patients in developing countries who do not have free access to PCV may have to wait up to 15 years before the price drops to a level within their grasp.However, there is no doubting the efficacy of PCV. Clinical trials carried out between 1998 and 2000 in South Africa and Gambia, with a nine-valent formulation on nearly 40 000 infants, showed a drastic decrease in pneumococcal infections in fully vaccinated children.At six, 10 and 14 weeks of age, 19 922 children received the vaccine and 19 914 received a placebo. The vaccine reduced the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease by more than 65% in HIV-positive children and by more than 83% in HIV-negative children. It also reduced infection by antibiotic-resistant strains by between 56% and 67%. The results of the study were published in The New England Journal of Medicine in 2003.“Widespread use of the vaccine will contribute to reducing the burden of childhood illness,” said Madhi in an article published in 2008 in the South African Journal of Child Health. “It will assist in achieving the Millennium Development Goal aimed at reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015 compared with 1990 rates. The launch of PCV for all children is a great step forward for child health in South Africa.”A killer disease – but preventableEvery year between 800 000 and one million children under the age of five succumb to pneumonia, meningitis, and other invasive pneumococcal diseases, according to the World Health Organisation. In South Africa pneumococcal diseases kill almost 350 out of every 100 000 infants under 12 months of age, and infection rates have risen steadily since the mid-1990s because of Aids, according to Sefularo.Pneumococcal disease is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable death in young children. Unfortunately S. pneumoniae has developed both intermediate and high levels of resistance to some of the most commonly used antibiotics and therefore preventive treatment is the preferred means of combating the disease.Children who are HIV-positive are especially vulnerable, and studies have shown that the rate of pneumococcal bacteraemia or invasive disease is up to 40 times greater in these youngsters. In fact, 75% of severe invasive pneumococcal disease in South African children occurs in the 5-6% of the childhood population who are HIV-positive.Despite the fact that pneumococcal conditions are preventable, millions more young survivors are permanently affected, often suffering intellectual impairment, hearing loss or seizures for the rest of their lives.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Contact Janine Erasmus at janinee@mediaclubsouthafrica.com.Related articlesHigh-price vaccine for all SA kidsHealthcare in South Africa Useful linksDepartment of Health4th Regional Pneumococcal SymposiumWorld Health Organisation – pneumococcal infections and vaccinesNational Vaccine information Center (US)Wyeth South AfricaRespiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit Conjugate pneumococcal vaccine – SA Journal of Child Health (pdf)last_img read more

N.J. Amusement Park Plans Sprawling Solar Project

first_imgIt’s not over yetSix Flags Great Adventure President John Fitzgerald said in an earlier interview that the solar farm would generate virtually all of the electricity the park uses, and would reduce carbon emissions by nearly 226,000 tons over a 15-year period. He said that was nearly 24 times the carbon dioxide the forest would be capable of removing, according to the newspaper.In addition, Fitzgerald said that the amusement park would plant nearly 26,000 trees elsewhere on the property over a seven-year stretch.“This actually helps reduce the carbon footprint of humanity in the park,” he said. “And the trees — we’re replanting the trees. Now, it may take a few years for those trees to come on line, but eventually they will, so how can it not be a net gain for the environment?”But the argument didn’t hold much water with environmental activists. Four environmental groups filed suit last May to block the plan, and hearings have been marked by shouting matches between town officials and an attorney representing environmentalists.Things got testy at the most recent planning board meeting when the attorney for the amusement park accused opponents of wanting too much and bending too little.“It is never enough with these organizations because it seems to me it’s either their way or the highway,” the newspaper quoted attorney Raymond Shea as saying.The lawsuit is apparently still pending, and one environmentalist complained that they’d have to make the same arguments all over again.“The planning board was in the pocket of the developer from day one,” said Clean Water Action campaign director David Pringle. “They had more than enough discretion to vote no and we think they violated their own ordinances. We’ll be here again unless they wise up because the courts are going to tell them they did it wrong.”In giving approval to the plan, the town imposed five conditions, including requirements that a biologist be on site during the tree cutting, the solar company use the highest grade of solar panel available, and that Six Flags place $150,000 in escrow for tree removal fees. A year of protests by local residents and environmentalists wasn’t enough to deter the Jackson, New Jersey, planning board from granting permission to the Six Flags Great Adventure amusement park to install a field of solar panels — a project that will require loggers to fell 15,000 trees on the property.The Asbury Park Press said in an online story that after nine public hearings and 30 hours of testimony, the city approved plans on March 23 to clearcut the site of the future photovoltaic facility.The amusement park originally planned to clear 90 acres of trees for the solar farm, but later scaled the plans back to 66 acres.A half-dozen environmental groups, including the Sierra Club, Save Barnegat Bay, and the New Jersey Conservation Foundation, had opposed the project, along with people who live nearby.“I’m very much in favor of solar panels, but not at the expense of the nature we’re trying to save,” resident Linda McHale told the newspaper in February. “We have a beautiful habitat here. What’s the reason we would let it go — because somebody wants to build solar panels?”A crowd of nearly 50 people gathered for the planning board vote, many of them wearing stickers that said, “Don’t kill the Earth to save it.” Sierra Club of New Jersey Executive Director Jeff Tittel said that the planned facility “gives green energy a black eye.”“You have to have the right project and the right site,” he said. “This was the right project but the wrong site.”The photovoltaic facility will consist mostly of ground-mounted panels, with some mounted on canopies over employee parking areas. Critics had wanted the amusement park to install all the panels on canopies over an adjacent 100-acre parking lot so that trees would not have to be removed, but park managers said that wasn’t practical.last_img read more

Total Force Fitness and Cooperative Extension: Psychological Fitness

first_imgIn today’s Friday Field notes, we continue our series of examining how cooperative extension can support Total Force Fitness. This week will explore the programs available through cooperative extension that support psychological fitness.What is Psychological Fitness? The ability to cope with the stressors associated with military life is at the core of psychological fitness. Both military and civilian families face a variety of everyday stressors (e.g., parenting, financial stress), but military families also face unique stressors (e.g., PCS, deployment).There are many proactive and important coping skills, but social support is an important factor in individuals’ ability to cope with stressors. Join the Network Literacy and Nutrition and Wellness teams for the Avoiding Burnout: Building Resilience Through Relationships webinar on June 25th at 11 am to learn more about building relationships for social support.Reach out to line leaders, doctors or chaplains for appropriate care right away if military family members: Can’t shake feeling down or worriedHave thoughts that repeatedly cause anxietyHave sleep problemsHave thoughts about hurting themselves or others Resources are available and they work. Contact the Psychological Health Resource Center 24/7 by calling 1-866-966-1020 for answers to questions.Cooperative Extension and Psychological FitnessCooperative extension provides programming that supports psychological fitness. Check out your state’s cooperative extension website for blog posts, resources, and events near you. Here are some great examples of resources from Alabama, Louisiana, and Virginia.Mindfulness Education. Mindfulness is a great way to learn to cope with everyday stressors. The practice of mindfulness involved focusing on the present in order to reduce anxiety and stress. PennState Extension offers a great resource for information on what mindfulness is and some ideas for practice. Many local extension programs also provide mindfulness training to small groups. Contact your local county extension office to inquire about any upcoming mindfulness events.last_img read more

The Changing World of Sales and LinkedIn for Sales Success with Jill Konrath – Episode 9

first_imgPodcast: Play in new window | Download (Duration: 24:24 — 11.4MB)Subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Email | Google Podcasts | RSSWhen Anthony first entered the sales field one of the most generous and helpful people he met was Jill Konrath. She was incredibly patient as he asked his thousand questions and she responded with very helpful answers. Anthony has invited Jill onto the show to discuss the changing climate in sales, the things that sales leaders today are doing to succeed that are different than what they did years ago, and to take a deep dive into her study on how top sales earners are using LinkedIn to foster relationships and gain real world sales. It’s a great conversation, so be sure to listen.What the top sellers on LinkedIn are doing and how you can apply their practices, on this episodeClick To TweetThe sales climate has changed. What can salespeople do to succeed in this “new world?”Over and over Jill Konrath works alongside sales teams where the training that is being implemented is years behind where the actual consumer attitudes and responses are at. Salespeople today, and especially those experienced pros who are training their teams, are using outdated techniques that simply don’t work. It’s a recipe for sales failure that nobody wants to see happen in their organization. On this episode Jill shares the kinds of things that need to change if sales leaders are going to continue to be leaders in the modern era and gives her advice for how sales teams can work together to reach higher levels of success.How important is social media for today’s salesperson?Many sales pros don’t get social media. They feel that it’s a waste of time to share things on Twitter or Facebook, afterall – who wants to know what they had for lunch? Jill Konrath says that comments like that reveal that these salespeople are missing the point of social media. It’s not about sharing what you had for lunch, it’s letting people get to know you – and in turn, getting to know them on a deeper level. THAT is the stuff successful sales careers are made of and social media makes it easier than ever if you’re willing to take the time to use the tools wisely. Jill shares her insights into social media for sales professionals on this episode.Social is about getting to know people and letting them get to know you ~ Jill KonrathClick To TweetJill Konrath’s deep dive survey of successful LinkedIn sales strategies.One of the most helpful studies to come out in recent years is the study Jill Konrath did where she surveyed sales professionals who have proven to have great success making contacts and closing deals by using LinkedIn. What she’s discovered is so helpful in learning how to think about social platforms and how to use them to find out about potential customers for the sake of building rapport and trust. You can hear some of the most powerful insights from Jill’s survey on this episode and get your own free copy of the report in ebook form, so be sure you listen to this episode.The critical attributes of successful salespeople.When asked what has made her so successful as a leader, trainer, and salesperson, Jill Konrath says it’s her desire to always be better, to always learn and grow and become a better version of herself tomorrow than she is today. She believes that successful salespeople have that same trait – a willingness to stretch outside what is normal, to build a skill set that adapts to the changing climate their clients and customers live and work in. If you want to hear more of what Jill looks for in a successful sales pro, it’s all in this episode of In The Arena.Top sellers are strategic on how they use groups on LinkedIn, on this episode with Jill KonrathClick To TweetOutline of this great episode Why Anthony loves to connect with guests like Jill Konrath. What needs to change for salespeople if they are going to succeed in the changing market. Why sales training these days is not simple or easy. How many sales trainers are teaching their proteges the wrong things. How important is social media for salespeople today? The survey Jill did about LinkedIn and what she discovered. How you can get the ebook on Jill’s website. What are the critical attributes that allow sales professionals to succeed? How does competitiveness figure into sales success?Resources & Links mentioned in this episodewww.JillKonrath.com1591847257 1591844703 1419515624 The theme song “Into the Arena” is written and produced by Chris Sernel. You can find it on SoundcloudConnect with AnthonyWebsite: www.TheSalesBlog.comYoutube: www.Youtube.com/IannarinoFacebook: https://www.facebook.com/iannarinoTwitter: https://twitter.com/iannarinoGoogle Plus: https://plus.google.com/+SAnthonyIannarinoLinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/iannarinoTweets you can use to share this episodeWe are all victims of our own success ~ Anthony IannarinoClick To TweetHow to use LinkedIn to get customer referrals and build new relationships with prospects, this episodeClick To TweetSubscribe toIn the ArenaApple PodcastsGoogle PodcastsAndroidby EmailRSSOr subscribe with your favorite app by using the address belowlast_img read more

TNT stays in playoff hunt, routs quarterfinals-bound NLEX

first_imgPussycat Dolls set for reunion tour after 10-year hiatus Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Read Next Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university PLAY LIST 01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC LOOK: Iya Villania meets ‘Jumanji: The Next Level’ cast in Mexico FEU ends NU’s streak, gets share of second spot Google honors food scientist, banana ketchup inventor and war hero Maria Orosacenter_img “We’ve been struggling offensive this conference and that’s no secret,” said TNT head coach Nash Racela, whose squad led by as much 38, 59-3, early in the third quarter. “I think the two-week break really helped us.”“Today, at least offensively we looked a lot better than in our previous games. We needed a win for us to give ourselves a chance in the playoffs and the only thing we can control is this game,” Racela added.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutNewly-acquired guard Jericho Cruz was one of the big reasons for the KaTropa’s improved offense.Cruz fired a team-high 17 points and had three rebounds, four assists and two steals in his debut TNT. Kelly Williams also had 17 points on top of 16 rebounds and three steals. PBA IMAGESTNT staved off elimination after crushing NLEX, 101-75, in the 2018 PBA Philippine Cup Wednesday at Mall of Asia Arena.Despite the blowout win, the KaTropa’s playoff status remains up in the air with their fate of making the quarterfinals already out of their control.ADVERTISEMENT Families in US enclave in north Mexico hold sad Thanksgiving MOST READ The Road Warriors, who came into the game already assured of a spot in the quarterfinals slot, scored the game’s first four points, but the KaTropa took it from there.TNT outscored NLEX, 31-12, in the second quarter to take a 58-28 advantage heading into the second half.JR Quiñahan scored a game-hgh 20 points while Kevin Alas added 14 for the Road Warriors (6-5).RELATED VIDEOADVERTISEMENT Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH AFP official booed out of forum View commentslast_img read more

IPL: Gayle threat looms large as Rajasthan take on Bangalore

first_imgTheir play- off hopes dented by two consecutive defeats, Rajasthan Royals need to do something special to tame a rampaging Chris Gayle as they prepare to clash with Royal Challengers Bangalore in their next IPL match in Jaipur on Wednesday.Both the teams have consistently been in the reckoning for the play- offs but the scale of task is now enormous for Rajasthan, which lost to Chennai Super Kings on Monday.Placed fifth in the table, Rajasthan have 11 points from as many matches while Bangalore are third with 13 points from nine games.Bangalore are on a roll, having registered five wins on the trot with Caribbean batsman Gayle playing a significant role in their success.Gayle destroyed the rival bowling attack with utter disdain and left the opponents in disbelief with his power- hitting in the five matches that he has played this season so far.Rajasthan are already struggling and sorting out Gayle is the biggest challenge they face on Wednesday.But their bowlers conceded close to 200 runs on Monday against Chennai on the new pitch and the way Gayle is treating the bowlers this season, the hosts are in for another litmus test.Skipper Shane Warne, who has earned plaudits for his on- field acumen, needs to take it on himself to stop Gayle from blowing them away because if the West Indies marauder manages to stay at the crease for about 10 overs, the contest could be reduced to a lop- sided affair.Gayle tilted the last match against Kochi Tuskers Kerala in the favour of his side by smashing 37 runs in just one over and the predator would be looking to hunt badly bruised Ashok Menaria, Amit Singh and Siddharth Trivedi, who all bled runs against Chennai.advertisementNot only Gayle but the other Bangalore batsmen such as Virat Kohli, AB de Villiers and Saurabh Tiwary are in good touch and are capable match- winners on their own.Tillakaratane Dilshan, who was reportedly considering leaving to join his England- bound national team, will play on Wednesday.Batting is a headache for Rajasthan as they have not put enough runs on the board of late. They badly need Shane Watson to fire and Ajinkya Rahane to continue the good work since their middle- order, besides Kiwi Ross Taylor, hardly boasts any bighitter who can take on the rival attack.The job becomes tough with Bangalore having a cunning Zaheer Khan and wily Daniel Vettori in their ranks.Rajasthan cannot afford a defeat as it will be a huge setback for them in the play- off race.-With PTI inputslast_img read more

Dennis Olands retrial in fathers murder set to resume after unexpected delay

first_imgSAINT JOHN, N.B. — The stalled retrial of Dennis Oland for the second degree murder of his father, Richard Oland, is due to resume on Tuesday morning in a Saint John courtroom.It has been more than a month since 16 jury members were selected for what is expected to be a lengthy, four-month trial, but an unplanned, two-week delay has set back the trial schedule.Court of Queen’s Bench Justice Terrence Morrison told jurors on Nov. 7 when he announced the adjournment that an “unexpected legal issue” had to be resolved before the trial could begin.“Unfortunately, it has become clear that we need some more time,” Morrison said, as he dismissed the jurors until Tuesday at 9:30 a.m.Information relating to the delay is under a publication ban.This is the second trial of Dennis Oland, 50, a financial adviser, in the bludgeoning death of his multi-millionaire father.Richard Oland’s body was discovered on the morning of July 7, 2011, in his uptown Saint John office. The 69-year-old businessman and former executive of Moosehead Breweries Ltd. had been beaten to death.Dennis Oland, his only son, was charged with second degree murder in 2013. He was tried in 2015 but the jury verdict in that case was set aside on appeal in 2016 and a new trial ordered.Oland has been present throughout the jury selection and legal proceedings. At the start of jury selection last month, he once again pleaded not guilty to killing his father.Oland, supported by his family, has steadfastly maintained his innocence.Earlier this month, the Oland family once again issued a statement of support for Dennis. His mother and Richard’s widow, Connie; his wife, Lisa, and his uncle Derek, executive chairman of Moosehead, and his wife Jacqueline, all signed the statement.“We wish to restate our steadfast support for Dennis and our faith that the judicial process will prove his innocence,” the family said in the statement“Our family has endured an unimaginable ordeal since Dick’s death in 2011 which has been compounded by Dennis’ groundless arrest … During this time our faith in Dennis’ innocence has never wavered.”The prominence and wealth of the Oland family combined with the violent killing and the exhaustive legal proceedings have made the murder case the most high-profile in New Brunswick history.Chris Morris, The Canadian Presslast_img read more